How Induction Furnaces Help Gold Mining Companies

Metal Dore Pouring Process in induction Melting Furnace
gold melting induction furnace
gold melting induction furnace

Are you a gold mining company owner or a C-level executive, looking for the most efficient and cost-effective way to melt your company’s gold ore? Hands down, induction furnaces are your best bet.

Induction furnaces have become the go-to solution for many gold mining companies due to their higher efficiency, melting speed, and environmentally friendly feature.

In this article we will discuss how induction furnaces can help make your gold mining operations more successful, saving you hours of melting your ore by using a run-of-the-mill furnace instead of doing it in a few minutes.

The main benefits of using an induction furnace over traditional ones are:

  • Its ability to precisely control the temperature during each phase of the casting process allows you to ensure the highest quality result from start to finish.
  • By taking just a few minutes to melt a load, your business will be much more profitable compared to common fuel-fired furnaces where you have to wait hours to continue the process. Thus, the amount of melted material can grow exponentially, and with it your profits.
  • Another great benefit offered by these machines is their environmental friendliness; since they:
  • do not require combustible fuels like coal or oil,
  • reduce drastically emissions from production processes
  • are perfect for businesses looking into reducing their carbon footprint as part of sustainability initiatives.
  • Spotless process, with no:
  • material contamination
  • direct contact between the heating element and metal being melted down. This is especially valuable when it comes to precious ore, making it ideal for use by those who need fast results without any potential damage that can occur during operation.
  • The fully automatic control of the process due to the electronic technology employed, allows uniform and predictable results, without variations between batches, and is human error-proof, which makes it even more profitable to have this foundry technology.

Feature

Induction Furnace

Traditional Furnace

Fuel

Electricity

Gas or diesel

Emissions

None

Harmful pollutants

Efficiency

More efficient

Less efficient

Speed

Faster

Slower

Safety

Safer

Less safe

 

When it comes to coreless inductionnaces, which are the most suitable for melting gold, it is common to mention that higher frequencies are needed for load capacities of a few kilograms

As a rule of thumb, the smaller the volume of the melts, the higher the frequency of the furnace used.

Well, previously we have already clarified what this frequency consists of, but: why do we need high frequencies to effectively melt loads of gold of kilograms or a few tens of kilograms?

Induction furnace working principle
Induction furnace working principle

The answer lies in the penetration or depth of the eddy currents that circulate through the mass to be melted, and in the behavior of alternating current at high frequencies.

For there to be induction of voltages and currents in the load deposited in the crucible, it is necessary to feed the inductor coil that surrounds the crucible with an AC voltage.

If we fed this coil with DC voltage, no matter how high that voltage was, there would be no induction in the charge of the crucible and it would remain at room temperature.

Alternating current has the property of not being distributed uniformly through the conductive material through which it flows unless the frequency is very low.

At high frequencies, it circulates only on the surface of the conductor, so the eddy currents are concentrated closer to the surface of the load, which is more efficient for heating small melts.

Frequency influences the heating
high frequency
5(From https://www.brighthubengineering.com/hvac/95097-frequency-and-induction-heating/)

Frequency influences the heating, and is indicated by the relationship mentioned in the Maxwell’s equation in the image below. The equation is follows: Penetration depth by induction heating is equal to the square root of resistively, divided by the product of pi, magnetic permeability, and frequency

The most energy transfer occurs at high frequency when the depth of current penetration is low. So, the ideal frequency is such that the depth of penetration should not be more than 1/8 times the diameter of the work piece.

Therefore, it is important to use the correct frequency for the inductor coil, in order to ensure that the furnace is efficient and safe to operate.

gold smelting machine for mining company
Induction furnace working principle

Thanks to the use of state-of-the-art technology, the operation of our gold induction furnaces is fully automatic.

What we do to achieve this level of automation is:

  • We use control systems based on modern Programmable Logic Controllers (PLCs), thus:
  • You can easily program up to 99 recipes by entering time cycles and power.
  • A user-friendly interface is available to enter and read the data you need.
  • The detailed records of all the operations and their variables, stored in the PLC, allow for generating statistics and reports to analyze the results and make informed decisions.
  • The adjustment of electrical power and frequency according to the load is carried out through insulated gate bipolar transistors (IGBTs), which enable high or medium frequency AC voltage for the inductors

Electroheat Induction uses high-tech IGBTs from well-known manufacturers.


References:

https://www.brighthubengineering.com/hvac/95097-frequency-and-induction-heating/

https://www.cengizler.net/en/productdetail/induction-heating-system-ind25-ind50-ind100

https://www.researchgate.net/figure/Simplified-power-circuit-diagram-of-a-typical-medium-frequency-coreless-IMF_fig1_260699799/

https://blogmech.com/coreless-induction-furnace-induction-furnace-melting/

https://www.mdpi.com/1996-1073/14/20/6634